The 여성알바 구인구직 recruiting industry is built on the idea of working all the time, but a lot of people would rather do some part-time work. Among people working full-time, larger shares of women than men say they would rather have part-time jobs. When asked whether they would rather work part time, fully 21% of women, but just 13% of men, say they would.
Regardless of mens and womens employment status, men and women express about the same levels of satisfaction with their jobs, among full-time workers, 54% of men and 58% of women say they are very satisfied with their jobs. When those who say they are somewhat satisfied are analyzed alongside those who are extremely satisfied, an even more similar share of men (65%) and women (69%) express satisfaction with part-time jobs. Pew Research surveys have found similarly strong majorities of employed men (83%) and women (82%) are satisfied with their jobs.
A Catalyst survey conducted in 2008, which included over 4000 employed men and women–high-potential graduates from the worlds leading MBA programs between 1996 and 2007–showed that women were paid $4,600 less for the first job after graduation, held lower-level managerial positions, and had considerably lower levels of professional satisfaction than their male colleagues who had received similar educational credentials. One study shows women may be equally, if not better, at work than their male colleagues as firefighters.
By double-digit margins, women who reported experiencing gender bias were more likely than women who did not, or men, to say employers treated female workers differently from men, or that men had easier access to higher-level jobs. White and Black women are also more likely than White men to say they have experienced gender discrimination at work. Black women are more likely than women and men overall to say they do not bring their whole selves to work.
Moreover, many men are not completely aware of the barriers holding women back in their jobs. Women thus have difficulty making up lost ground, as those gender roles are entrenched, including in Australia. Largely as a result of these gender gaps, men ultimately fill 62% of management positions, whereas women hold just 38%.
While this gap has been consistently shrinking over the past few years, women are getting more jobs in traditionally male-dominated fields. Even when women do enter traditionally male-dominated parts of the labor market, they are making less money than men. In South-East Asia, women gaining access to jobs in export-oriented manufacturing industries are paid substantially less than men.
In Canada, women in male-dominated fields enrolled in an apprenticeship program earned 14% less in average hourly wages than men, and were less likely to obtain jobs related to their fields following completion of the program compared with men. Although women do receive higher levels of education than men, and have done so for decades, they are less likely to be hired for entry-level jobs. Women are less likely to be hired into manager-level jobs, and are much less likely to advance in those jobs: For every 100 men promoted to manager, 79 women are promoted to that position (Exhibit 2). Some jobs, like electricians and auto-service technicians and mechanics, employ too few women to even compare earnings.
One of the most heavily male-dominated professions is electrical, where only 1.8% of workers are women. Women make up only 2 percent of jobs in mechanics in particular, according to U.S. Census Bureau data. Women accounted for 50.04 percent of American jobs in December, not including those held by agricultural workers and self-employed workers, according to Bureau of Labor Statistics data. In industrialized countries, 75% of women are employed in historically low-wage, service-sector jobs; between 15% and 20% are employed in manufacturing; and about 5% are employed in agriculture.
Many women are employed in service occupations, which include a large number in higher-paying occupations such as physicians. On-the-job training and opportunities for higher compensation make the underexplored potential of financial services a tempting opportunity for women. Construction jobs are traditionally considered to be the work of men, since they are physically demanding, with more masculine images, so women may find it difficult to break into the field, or see examples of female role models. There are few examples of younger women wanting to enter this field, although this can be a fulfilling, steady job that pays well.
Driving trucks for a living can be a rewarding, profitable career, but many women might shy away from such jobs due to long hours that are spent on their own or working nights, potentially making them more susceptible to harassment or predatory behavior, as one Institute for Womens Policy Studies official told CNN Business. Some dressing-room jobs and janitorial jobs can also be macho-only positions, since these jobs can require employees to work in dressing rooms and bathrooms that are allowed for men only. Bathroom-attendant jobs require workers to be the same sex as people who would be using the restroom.
Some modeling jobs for the fashion industry are also specific to males, since they include modeling mens clothes and accessories. In other cases, entertainment jobs are also male-specific since employers are providing a specific product or service requiring men. Men who possess strong communications skills or value the social aspects of a job will probably find these unconventional jobs highly satisfying.
There are also clear differences between the way women and men perceive efforts by their companies to foster safe, respectful workplaces. Not only do men and women want the same things in a perfect job–work that they enjoy, good benefits, family time–they share many of the same attitudes about the jobs they have now. The large numbers of women in the labor force mask the fact that the labor force participation rates for many groups of women are still lower than those for men.